Overview of CAAM-HP
The Caribbean Accreditation Authority for Education in Medicine and other Health Professions (CAAM-HP) was established in 2003 under the aegis of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) to ensure that the education programmes of medicine and other health professions offered by institutions in participating countries are recognised nationally and regionally to be of international standard.
Medical education in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) began with thirty-three (33) students in 1948 at the foundation of the University College of the West Indies (UCWI), at the Mona Campus in Jamaica as a constituent part of the University of London. In 1962 the UCWI sought independence from London becoming The University of the West Indies (UWI). From its inception until 2001 when the practice of accrediting overseas institutions was discontinued in keeping with European Union (EU) regulations regarding academic and professional training programmes, the medical education programme of the UWI was accredited by the General Medical Council (GMC) of the UK. This gave national, regional and international recognition to UWI graduates who were able to register freely in the UK and other Commonwealth countries. This practice continued over the years even as various changes took place in medical education at the University of the West Indies (UWI).
Other medical schools were established at the University of Suriname in 1969 and at the University of Guyana in 1985.
From the mid 1970s onwards the region has witnessed an influx of ‘offshore’ medical schools with an almost exclusively international student population mainly from the US and Canada.
In response to these developments and the regional thrust to ensure quality education and training in the context of the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME), a regional accreditation system was established as a means of providing the assurance of quality that generates confidence in the stakeholders. Thus, the Caribbean Accreditation Authority for Education in Medicine and Other Health Professions (CAAM-HP) was launched under the aegis of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) in July 2004 to accredit the education programmes of medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, nursing and other health professions in CARICOM member states.
CARICOM Member States are: Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & The Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad& Tobago, British Virgin Islands and Turks & Caicos Islands.
The CAAM-HP accredits medical, dental, veterinary and degree nursing education programmes of the schools located in the participating countries of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
The CAAM-HP is recognised by the participating countries as the agency for accreditation of educational programmes for qualifying degrees in Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Dental Medicine and Nursing. The CAAM-HP is empowered to determine and prescribe standards and to accredit programmes of medical, dental and veterinary education on behalf of the contracting parties in CARICOM. The CAAM-HP will make its own final decisions about accreditation status.Professor Emerita Marlene Hamilton (See short biography)
- Three (3) persons nominated jointly by academic institutions in the Community offering training in medicine (other than dental medicine and veterinary medicine)
- Professor Samuel Ramsewak, Dean, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine Campus, Trinidad & Tobago.
- Dr Alison Dobbie, Senior Associate Dean for Education, Ross University School of Medicine
- Dr. Marios Loukas, St Georges University School of Medicine, Grenada
- One (1) person nominated jointly by academic institutions in the Community offering training in dental medicine
- Dr Reisha Rafeek, University of the West Indies School of Dentistry, University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad & Tobago.
- One (1) person nominated jointly by academic institutions in the Community offering training in veterinary medicine
- Professor Abiodun Adesiyun, Director, University of the West Indies School of Veterinary Medicine, St. Augustine Campus, Trinidad & Tobago
- Two (2) persons nominated jointly by regional organizations representing civil society
- Professor Marlene Hamilton (Jamaica)
- Ms Jacqueline Burgess (Trinidad & Tobago)
- Two (2) students enrolled in training programmes in medicine at academic institutions in the Community and nominated by the institutions.
- Mr. Terry Went, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados
- Mr Devendra Bhagwandin, University of Guyana
- Two (2) persons from outside the region who have expertise in the accreditation of training programmes in medicine or other health professions
- Professor James McKillop, Muirhead Professor of Medicine & Deputy Head, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Veterinary Medicine & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Scotland.
- Professor Ryle Bell, Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs, Howard University
- One (1) person representing the Caribbean Association of Medical Councils (CAMC)
- Dr Trevor McCartney
- Three (3) representatives each appointed by a Contracting Party selected by the Secretary-General (of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM)) on a rotational basis
- Dr Shamdeo Persaud, Chief Medical Officer, Guyana
- Ms Nester Edwards, Chief Nursing Officer, Ministry of Health, Social Security, the Environment & Ecclesiastical Relations, Grenada
- Dr Merceline Dahl-Regis, Chief Medical Officer, Nassau
- The Executive Director, who shall be an ex-officio member.
• Mrs. Lorna Parkins.
- Where the Authority specifies which professions are to be treated as other health professions, membership of the Authority shall be extended to include:
- Two (2) persons nominated jointly by academic institutions offering training in other health professions in the Community.
- Two (2) students enrolled in training programmes in other health professions in institutions in the Community nominated by those institutions.
As the Authority prepares for the accreditation of programmes of Dental Medicine the following persons have been nominated:
- Dr Mark Edwards, Dental Surgeon, JAMAICA
- Dr Victor Eastmond, Dental Surgeon, BARBADOS
- Mr. Natakki Dasent, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine Camus, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO (Dental student representative)
- Ms. Antonia Walcott, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine Campus, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO (Veterinary student representative)
Through accreditation, the CAAM-HP provides assurance to students, graduates, the health professions, healthcare institutions and the public that undergraduate programmes leading to qualifications in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine and nursing and other health professions meet appropriate national and international standards for educational quality, and that the graduates have a sufficiently complete and valid educational experience. Accreditation standards and the general policies of the CAAM-HP are described in Standards for the Accreditation of Medical, Dental, or Veterinary Schools or Degree Nursing Programmes in the Caribbean Community, available on the CAAM-HP web site at www.caam-hp.org.
Acting independently of the participating countries, the CAAM-HP makes periodic evaluations of the medical, dental, veterinary and degree nursing education programmes in CARICOM countries. A list of schools offering CAAM-HP accredited programmes can be obtained from the CAAM-HP Secretariat. The list is made available to the public through the CAAM-HP web site available at www.caam-hp.org along with the date of each programme's next accreditation review.
Programmes judged by the CAAM-HP are awarded a state of accreditation according to the level of compliance with accreditation standards. See STATES OF ACCREDITATION of CAAM-HP.
An educational programme once accredited, remains accredited until the CAAM-HP terminates the programme formally or the programme itself terminates its accreditation status. If it is brought to the attention of the CAAM-HP that an accredited programme has ceased to exist and has not formally terminated its accreditation status, the secretariat should investigate the matter and report on the matter as soon as possible.
Accreditation does not end merely because a certain period of time has passed. Programmes typically are subject to review on a six-year cycle. The CAAM-HP may determine that an earlier review is necessary, in which case the accreditation status does not change until a formal action is taken by the CAAM-HP.
In the event that the CAAM-HP determines that accreditation should be withdrawn, the letter transmitting that decision will specify the date at which accreditation ceases. Withdrawal or other determinations other than Accreditation without Conditions may be appealed using the procedures described in Appendix G 'Appeal Procedure for Actions Affecting Accreditation Status'.
CAAM-HP members, staff, and surveyors must sign a statement agreeing to treat as confidential any information they receive or generate in connection with accreditation activities.
- The Caribbean Accreditation Authority for Education in Medicine and Other Health Professions (CAAM-HP) has been made aware of claims that its Standards are being used by other accreditation bodies to evaluate medical education programmes located in their countries.
CAAM-HP wishes to make it clear that such accreditation exercises CANNOT be interpreted to mean that the CAAM-HP has accredited or approved these programmes. The programmes assessed and accredited by the CAAM-HP, with its independent international mechanisms, are listed on CAAM-HP's web site.
Any further enquiries or uncertainty about the validity of accreditation exercises claiming the approval of CAAM-HP should be directed to the CAAM-HP Secretariat.
Dated: September 9, 2009